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موانع و مشکلات هوشمند سازی مدارس در ایران

 

نوشته شده توسط:نوری براری

به نظر می رسد اجرای طرح هوشمند سازی مدارس در ایران ، مانند بسیاری از طرح های دیگر به صورت تقلیدی و بدون کار کارشناسانه و برنامه ریزی دقیق   و بومی سازی صورت گرفته باشد.بدون توجه به اینکه کشورهای پیشرو در این طرح حدود ده سال در این زمینه تحقیق و بررسی کرده اند و بعد از دستیابی به بهترین الگوها شروع به فرهنگسازی در این زمینه کرده اند . این در حالیست که در کشور ما موانع بسیار بزرگی سر راه شکل گیری صحیح مدارس هوشمند است :

1-  در کشور ما نسل فراگیر ارتباط بسیار اندکی با کامپیوتر دارند و در بسیاری موارد دیده می شود که فرزندان خانواده های تحصیلکرده و متمول نیز یا اصلا با کامپیوتر اشنایی ندارند یا از آن به عنوان وسیله بازی استفاده می کنند.

2-  عدم آشنایی فرزندان ایران با زبان های خارجی خود از موانع بازدارنده این طرح می باشد. آموزش زبان در ایران به صورت رسمی خیلی دیر و غیراستاندارد آغاز شده و دیده می شود که در سیستم آموزش رسمی دانش آموزان با زبان انگلیسی بسیار غریب هستند و تنها کسانی به این زبان مسلط خواهند بود که با صرف هزینه در آموزشگاههای آزاد ثبت نام و به طریق غیر رسمی به فراگیری زبان بپردازند.

-  درمورد سیستم آموزشی کنونی که تکیه بر نقش اصلی معلم در کلاس درس دارد به نظر می رسد هوشمند سازی مدارس تنها این سیستم را تشدید می کند و به جای آنکه دانش آموز را مجبور به کنکاش در اطلاعات کند ، او را وادار به حفظ کردن انبوهی از اطلاعات می کند.

4-  ساختار فیزیکی اکثر مدارس سنتی است و تجهیز و تغییر کاربرد این تعداد مدرسه از نوع سنتی به هوشمند نیاز مند صرف بودجه و زمان زیادی می باشد.هم چنین طراحی سخت افزاری محیط مدرسه و شبکه های داخلی مدارس خود نیز مستلزم صرف پتانسیل های بسیاری خواهد بود.

5-  معلمان و مسئولان مدارس نیز جزو طلایه داران این تحول خواهند بود. عدم آشنایی آموزگاران با منابع و شیوه های استفاده از آنها خود یکی از بزرگترین موانع هوشمند سازی مدارس ایران است .

6-  به محض ورود مدارس به سیستم هوشمند ، نیاز به وجود نرم افزارهای استاندارد و مطابق با رویکرد کتابهای درسی ، ایجاد بانکهای اطلاعاتی قوی به زبان فارسی ،احساس می شود. قابلیت دستیابی دانش آموزان از مدرسه یا منزل به اینترنت پرسرعت نیز جزو ضروریات کارکرد صحیح مدارس هوشمند به شمار می رود.

ودرپایان

هوشمند سازی مدارس ، ابزاری بسیار مناسب برای تحقق آرمانهای آموزشی است . به شرط آنکه قبل از آن بررسی های دقیق در مورد این طرح توسط کارشناسان خبره صورت گیردو این طرح متناسب با فرهنگ و ویژگیهای کشور ما برنامه ریزی شود. بعد از آن می بایست محتواهای کتابهای درسی از حالت حفظی بودن خارج و به سمتی سوق داده شود که در آن جایگاهی برای بسط داده ها و تحقیق و پژوهش اختصاص داده شود.منابع مرجع و بانکهای اطلاعاتی به زبان فارسی طراحی و به صورت عمومی برای همگان قابل دسترسی باشد و زبان انگلیسی به صورت کاربردی و ماندگار با شیوه های نوین از دوره ی ابتدایی آموزش داده شود.زیرساختهای سخت افزاری لازم فراهم و نرم افزارهای استاندارد و متناسب توسط تیم های کارآزموده طراحی شود. معلمان و خانواده هامجهز به مهارتهای لازم برای استفاده از ابزارهای الکترونیک  باشند و این باور در آنها شکل گرفته باشد که آموزش الکترونیک چیزی فراتر از بازی و سرگرمی است .و اگر بدون در نظر گرفتن موارد فوق و بدون فراهم کردن امکانات و فرهنگ لازم دست به اقدام شتاب زده ی این طرح بزنیم از رایانه ها دکوری خواهیم ساخت در مدارس که به زودی فراموش خواهیم کرد حتی دستمالی به آن بکشیم .......

منابع :

www.ebtekarnews.com

. http://smartedu.blogfa.com/

http://www.tehranedu.com

http:// www.drjalali.ir

http://isf.medu.ir

www.sair.ir

و با الهام از مقاله مدارس هوشمند خانم لادن ضابط



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